Small Business


5 Ways to Fund Your Small Business

You've got a great idea for a business, but you don’t have the cash to get it off the ground. That doesn't mean you should abandon your entrepreneurial dream. From low-interest loans to Kickstarter contributions, you can find money for your would-be business if you know where to look.

One successful funding finder is TJ Clynch of Hartford, Conn. While recovering from a 2010 accident that left him unable to work for a year, the former bartender enrolled in yoga classes to help with pain relief. It didn’t take long for his rehabilitation efforts to morph into a business idea: opening a yoga and fitness studio of his own. He was undeterred by his bank-account balance.

See Also: Test Your Small Business Know-How

Clynch found an 1,100-square-foot studio and charged $5,000 worth of paint, flooring and other materials on a zero-interest credit card. The landlord agreed to defer rent while renovations were underway. In September 2011, Downtown Yoga Studios opened its doors in Hartford. Financed by credit, community development loans and a financial award for innovation, the studio has grown to 5,000 square feet of multi-dimensional exercise space with two full-time employees and 16 independent-contractor instructors.

Clynch’s funding potpourri isn’t unusual, says Charles H. Green, executive director of the Small Business Finance Institute, an Atlanta nonprofit that helps small businesses manage money and find funding. Most startup capital is pieced together from a number of sources, he says. Here are five common places startups get the dough they need to grow.

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The Three Fs

Facetiously dubbed “friends, family and fools,” borrowing money from personal contacts is an effective and popular way to access cash, Green says. Just don’t seal the deal with a handshake. Rather, work with your attorney or accountant to create a written agreement, signed by all parties, that spells out the terms of the loan, including the interest rate and repayment schedule. Also specify what happens if the business fails, he adds.

Written agreements preserve personal relationships and protect your interests. If you borrow money from a family member and he or she sees it as a partnership instead of a loan, you could find yourself in a fight over ownership. “People end up in litigation over those kinds of misunderstandings,” Green says.

Loans

Startups seeking money from banks need a good business plan, profitable projections and some of their own money in the game, says Kenneth Zapp, a Savannah, Ga., counselor with SCORE, a nonprofit organization that provides information and mentoring to small-business owners. In addition to traditional commercial loans offered by banks, you might get help from the Small Business Administration, which offers several loan programs, ranging from microloans of less than $50,000 to the 504 program, which has a $5 million limit.

The SBA doesn’t lend directly but guarantees qualified loans from lenders. The government backing can make qualifying for a loan easier. SBA lender-relations specialists can help you find a local preferred lender..

Economic Development Programs

Green also suggests checking with your state, county and municipal economic development offices, which have an interest in helping businesses succeed to boost local and regional economies. Depending on your location and the type of business you start, these agencies might offer financial resources, including loans and grants.

In exchange for creating one full-time job, Clynch qualified for a ten-year, $100,000 loan at 2% interest from Connecticut’s Department of Economic and Community Development, with payments deferred for a year. Downtown Yoga was also awarded $15,000 in January 2012 when it won the Hartford Innovation Challenge for using its cycling studio to generate power. “One class of 20 people can power 100 light bulbs for one hour,” says Clynch, who also founded Civic Mind Studios, a sustainable design firm.

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